In any given society, there are several key factors that bring about conflict. Some of these factors include, Poor Leadership and Misuse of Power, Weak Justice Systems, Identity based divisions and lack of shares national vision, Poverty and food insecurity, Mismanagement of natural resources, and Regional Dimension. However, efforts are made to mitigate conflict and seek a lasting resolution.
In Conflict Resolution, the initiative for the settlement could come from any of a number of sources, be it internal, regional, or international. The scale of violence lessens considerably, accompanied by an improvement in social economic and political conditions. Although the settlement phase is depicted here in terms of a smooth decline in the level of violence, the actual path will depend on the speed and success of negotiation. At this stage, humanitarian relief needs are reduced, refugee reintegration can begin, and medium or long-term development projects again become feasible.
Moreover, continual attention to peace building and proactive measures to strengthen national and community capacities and enable coordinated efforts to address conflict drivers and root causes are essential. Finally, integrated peace building strategies are vital for effective settlement and transition.
Richelieu Wollor, Liberia